This Week's Gospel Sermons
March 6 - 11, 2011 Gospel Meeting At Jackson Drive.
Speaker: Jerry Curry
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April 3, 2011
Moses and Christ
The first sermon we have recordedin Acts (Acts 2) is presented by Peter on the day of Pentecost after Jesus’ resurrection. Peter rehearses both old and recent history regarding the Jews of the day and shows Jesus to be the Christ. The very next chapter of Acts, chapter three, tells us of Peter once again preaching to a group of Jews that had gathered after a lame beggar had been healed. Having told those Jews in Jerusalem to repent and be converted that their sins might be blotted out (Acts 3:19), Peter insisted that God had sent Jesus to save them (Acts 3:20,21).
At this point Peter uses a technique sometimes referred to as “typology”—the presentation of “types” and “antitypes.” The “type” is the actual while the “antitype” is the representation. He reminds the Jews that Moses, in whom they trusted so much, had foretold the raising of the Prophet: “Moses said, ‘THE LORD GOD WILL RAISE UP FOR YOU A PROPHET LIKE ME FROM YOUR BRETHREN; TO HIM YOU SHALL GIVE HEED to everything He says to you. And it will be that every soul that does not heed that prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.’” (Acts 3:22,23). Moses had insisted that when Christ came, he had to be heard and obeyed, just as God intended the people of Moses day to hear and obey the Law. Peter (and actually Moses himself) holds up Moses as an antitype, or representation, of the Messiah (or Christ) to come. Peter then shows Jesus as the type, or the actual realization, of God’s intentions. Since Peter makes this analogy, it is good to take note of ways that Moses was the antitype of the Christ. We should then note also ways in which Jesus was different and superior.
Ways in which Moses and Christ were alike
Both Moses and Christ were hidden in infancy.Moses: “The woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was beautiful, she hid him for three months.” (Exodus 2:2-10). Jesus: “So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt.” (Matthew 2:1-15).
Both fasted for a forty day period. Moses: “So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.” (Exodus 34:28). Jesus: “And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry.” (Matthew 4:2).
Both were mighty both in word and in deed. Moses: “Moses was educated in all the learning of the Egyptians, and he was a man of power in words and deeds.” (Acts 7:22). Jesus: “And He said to them, “What things?” And they said to Him, “The things about Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word in the sight of God and all the people” (Luke 24:19).
Both were to be heard and obeyed. Moses of Jesus: “Moses said, ‘THE LORD GOD WILL RAISE UP FOR YOU A PROPHET LIKE ME FROM YOUR BRETHREN; TO HIM YOU SHALL GIVE HEED” (Acts 3:22,23).
Both were prophets in their own time. Moses: “I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.” (Deuteronomy 18:18). Jesus: “And the crowds were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth in Galilee.” (Matthew 21:11).
Both were lawgivers. Moses: “For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.” (John 1:17). Jesus: “to those who are without law, as without law, though not being without the law of God but under the law of Christ, so that I might win those who are without law.” (1Corinthians 9:21).
Both were faithful in their own time. Moses: “Not so, with My servant Moses, He is faithful in all My household” (Numbers 12:7). Jesus: “He was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was in all His house.” (Hebrews 3:2).
Both were intercessors. Moses: “On the next day Moses said to the people, ‘You yourselves have committed a great sin; and now I am going up to the LORD, perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.’” (Exodus 32:30-32). Jesus: “Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.” (Hebrews 7:25).
Both had a house. Moses: “Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later.” Jesus: “but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house—whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end.” (Hebrews 3:3-6).
Both reappeared after death. Moses: “And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him.” (Matthew 17:3). Jesus: “To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God.” (Acts 1:3).
A number of ways that Christ is superior
Moses sinned while Christ did not sin.Moses: “But the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you have not believed Me, to treat Me as holy in the sight of the sons of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” (Numbers 20:7-12). Jesus: “For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.” (Hebrews 4:15).
Moses was only a servant while Christ was a Son. Moses: “Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later.” Jesus: “but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house—whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end.” (Hebrews 3:5-6).
Moses came to see the land of rest, but could not enter the rest; Christ has entered rest. Moses: “I have let you see it with your eyes, but you shall not go over there.” (Deuteronomy 34:1‑6). Jesus: “And after He had said these things, He was lifted up while they were looking on, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.” (Acts 1:9-11).
The law which was given by Moses was imperfect, while the law Christ gave was perfect. Moses: “For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second.” (Hebrews 8:7-13). Jesus: “But one who looks intently at the perfect law, the law of liberty, and abides by it, not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer, this man will be blessed in what he does.” (James 1:25).
Moses died and sleeps where God buried him while Christ died and arose from the dead. Moses: “And He buried him in the valley in the land of Moab, opposite Beth-peor; but no man knows his burial place to this day.” (Deuteronomy 34:5,6). Jesus: “He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was lying.” (Matthew 28:1-6).
—S. Scott Richardson Sr.